Peace or Jihad? Abrogation in Islam
In case you haven’t noticed, there is a global resurgence of Islamic territorial expansion. This is through immigration, through cultural and political insinuation and finally through war and terror. Why, when Islam is a religion of Peace?
Well, it seems the bad news is that Islam is a religion of submission, not peace and tolerance. There will be jihad and no peace until all lands are governed by Muslims. Islam clearly directs Muslims towards Jihad – the struggle for personal and societal submission to Islam. The root word of Islam is “al-silm” which means “submission” or “surrender.” It is understood to mean “submission to Allah.”
But there are many passages in the Qur’an preaching peace and tolerance towards other religions. No verse is more frequently cited by contemporary Muslims preachers and analysts to depict Islam as peaceful and compassionate as 2:256, “Let there be no compulsion in religion.”The problem is that these early passages, written revealed by Mohammed when he was weak in Mecca, are abrogated or superseded by later militant passages when he became stronger in Medina.
In an age of terrorism and violent jihad, nowhere, they argue, does the Qur’an allow Muslims to fight non-Muslims solely because they refuse to become Muslim. Proponents of Islamic tolerance point to a number of Qur’anic verses which admonish violence and advocate peace, tolerance, and compromise.. But not all verses in the Qur’an have the same weight in assessment. The Qur’an is unique among sacred scriptures in accepting a doctrine of abrogation in which later pronouncements of the Prophet declare null and void his earlier pronouncements.
During the lifetime of Muhammad, the Islamic community passed through three stages. In the beginning from 610 until 622, God commanded restraint. As the Muslims relocated to Medina (623-26), God permitted Muslims only to fight in a defensive war. However, in the last six years of Muhammad’s life (626-32), God permitted Muslims to fight an aggressive war first against polytheists, and later against monotheists like the Jews of Khaybar. Once Muhammad was given permission to kill in the name of God, he instigated battle.
Chapter 9 of the Qur’an, in English called “Ultimatum,” is the most important concerning the issues of abrogation and jihad against unbelievers. It is the only chapter that does not begin “in the name of God, most benevolent, ever-merciful.”. David Powers, a well-known researcher of classical Islam, agreed that 9:5 abrogates no less than 124 verses that command or imply anything less than a total offensive against the non-believers.
Defensive warfare in Islam is nothing but a phase of the Islamic mission that the Prophet practiced. After that, it was followed by another phase, that is, calling all people to embrace Islam. Even for People of the Book, there can be no role except conversion to Islam or subjugation to Muslim rule. Hence, Muhammad’s statement, “They would not invade you, but you invade them.”
In conclusion, Islam is about submission …of the whole world to Allah through Jihad. Majority of Muslims probably don’t care and would prefer to just get on with life, but under Islam they are hypocrites punishable by death. Many Muslims perform Jihad peacefully, on a personal level, through immigration and advocacy. Many also do it violently with terror and war. But they are all obligated by Islam to eventually subjugate you and me to Allah.